Health Science

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+ Anesthesiologists Job Description
For centuries, surgery was often an agonizing experience. Through advances in medicine, anesthesiologists are able to make operations virtually pain-free. Except in emergencies, the anesthesiologist usually meets with the patient prior to the surgery. The doctor will ask about the patient’s medical history, and explain the type of anesthesia that will be used, as well as possible side effects view more

+ Audiologists Job Description
Hearing loss can be gradual or sudden. Either way it can be devastating. When it comes to problems with hearing or balance…people turn to specialists called Audiologists. They use sophisticated testing equipment and computers to measure the level and quality of the patient’s hearing. The audiologist then interprets the results, and makes a diagnosis and suggests treatment. For example, there may be blockage in the ear canal that needs to be removed view more

+ Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians Job Description
To accomplish the everyday miracles of modern care for heart patients, it takes a team of professionals. Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians are essential members of that team. Technologists are trained to prepare patients, and assist physicians during procedures such as cardiac catheterization, and open-heart surgery, balloon angioplasty and open-heart surgery. They also monitor patients’ blood pressure and heart rate view more

+ Chiropractors Job Description
Many people with aches, pains and other health complaints depend on chiropractors to help them cope. Also called Doctors of Chiropractic, or chiropractic physicians, they diagnose and treat patients whose health problems are associated with the body’s muscular, nervous, and skeletal systems, especially the spine. Chiropractors do not prescribe drugs or perform surgery, but they are thoroughly trained through two to four years of pre-professional college education, with a bachelor’s degree recommended view more

+ Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists
Psychologists study the human mind and human behavior and help people with mental and emotional problems. Some specialize in research, while others focus on assisting companies and groups in managing conflict and operating more effectively. But most serve as clinical psychologists and work in counseling centers, hospitals, and independent or group practices. Over 40 percent of all psychologists are self-employed, a rate five times higher than for most other professions view more

+ Dental Assistants Job Description
To help keep a dental practice running efficiently, dental assistants perform a variety of patient care, office, and laboratory duties. It is important not to confuse dental assistants with dental hygienists, who are licensed to perform a wider variety of clinical tasks. Dental assistants must be organized and competent in handling several duties at once. These duties can range from disinfecting instruments, to assisting dentists during examinations view more

+ Dental Hygienist Job Description
Dental hygienists provide preventive and corrective dental care and promote good oral hygiene and health. A typical day involves examining patients’ teeth and gums for disease and cavities, cleaning and polishing teeth, and helping patients understand proper brushing and flossing techniques. To be successful in this profession, you must be detail-oriented and have the ability to work well with your hands view more

+ Dental Laboratory Technicians Job Description
Dental laboratory technicians design and create crowns, bridges, dentures, and other prosthetics that are customized to a specific patient’s mouth. Using molds supplied by dentists, these technicians shape wax teeth that will be used as a model to cast a metal framework for the prosthetic device. They then apply layers of porcelain to the metal to create an exact replica of the patient’s original tooth or teeth view more

+ Dentists, General Job Description
Open wi--ide. Dentists diagnose and treat problems that occur in teeth and the tissues of the mouth. They fill cavities, repair broken teeth, perform extractions and clean teeth. They make molds for dentures to replace missing teeth and advise patients in good dental hygiene. Dentists use drills, x-ray machines, forceps, mirrors and brushes to do their jobs. They wear masks, gloves and safety glasses to protect themselves from infectious diseases view more

+ Diagnostic Medical Sonographers Job Description
Using sound to see…that’s the short way to explain the science of sonography. Diagnostic Medical Sonographers use special equipment to direct safe, high frequency sound waves towards a particular part of the body. The echoes of those waves are collected and turned into moving images. The sonographer is trained to select particular images, and record them for a physician to use in making a diagnosis, or in monitoring a medical condition, such as pregnancy view more

+ Dietetic Technicians Job Description
There’s an expression – “you are what you eat.” And that’s certainly true when it comes to good nutrition. Dietetic Technicians help to make the important connection between food and health. At hospitals, they assist in planning meals that meet the needs of individual patients. They might also work for schools and corporations, developing food selections for the cafeteria. In every case, they rely on guidelines established by the government and medical experts view more

+ Dietitians and Nutritionists Job Description
The positive health and lifestyle effects of a healthy diet are very much in the news. The people behind the headlines are dietitians and nutritionists, who work to help all kinds of people, take better care of themselves, by making wiser food choices. For someone being treated for high blood pressure, a consulting dietitian or nutritionist in private practice, or associated with a clinic, can help design a diet that tastes great with less salt and fat view more

+ Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
Emergency medical technicians or “EMTs” (pronounced:”e-em-tees”) are the men and women who are usually first on the scene when there is a heart attack victim, a near-drowning, automobile accident injuries, gunshot wounds, or anything else requiring immediate medical attention. Working in two-person teams, EMTs drive their ambulances or rescue squad vehicles to the scene, assess the situation, and execute the appropriate procedures view more

+ Epidemiologists Job Description
Epidemiologists are like medical detectives--they work to determine who gets diseases, and why. They train through four years of college, and an additional two to four years of master’s degree or doctoral studies. They may specialize in an area such as environmental epidemiology, which looks at the connection between environmental exposure and disease. Most epidemiologists work for federal, state or local government agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control or a local health department view more

+ Family and General Practitioners Job Description
There are two types of physicians: The M.D. (or medical doctor) or the D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathic medicine). They diagnose illnesses and prescribe and administer treatment to people suffering from injury or disease. As physicians, they are amongst the highest paid, and most respected of all professionals. They are also amongst the most rigorously trained. Four years of college, four years of medical school and three years of hospital internship and residency is the minimum requirement view more

+ Health Science Job Description
Health Science workers have a direct impact on peoples’ lives, every minute of every day. They save lives and improve the quality of life for others, on a daily basis. They keep the records of treatments and vaccinations so we can receive up-to-date care. They help victims of trauma or illness recover their will to live and the ability to lead normal lives. They keep our teeth clean and prevent decay view more

+ Home Health Aides Job Description
EVENT 01084 a. HOME HEALTH AIDE - 374 A/V: NARRATOR (VO): As both hospital costs and the number of elderly citizens grow, home health aides are playing an increasingly important role in the nation's health-care system. Years ago, when grandparents, parents, and children all lived in the same house, someone was always available to help care for an ill family member. But that usually isn't the case today view more

+ Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses Job Description
For a Licensed Practical Nurse, or L-P-N, helping people is the top priority. Overall, L-P-Ns provide physical and emotional care for the sick, injured and handicapped. Specific duties range from taking a patient’s blood pressure… to starting intravenous fluids… to assisting emergency room staff during operations. Because a patient’s well-being depends greatly on quality care from L-P-Ns, responsibility and emotional strength are pre-requisites for the job view more

+ Massage Therapists Job Description
It can be the ultimate luxurious treat…or an essential element of recovery from an injury…either way, massage therapy is a legitimate part of the health care profession. With the current movement toward natural health, wellness and prevention, there is renewed interest in massage therapy, which has its roots in ancient times. Massage Therapists can work for themselves, physical therapy and rehabilitation practices, a health club, spa,—even for a sports team or dance troupe view more

+ Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians Job Description
When a doctor orders a series of tests on a patient, chances are that those tests will be performed by medical and clinical laboratory technologists. It is the job of these professionals to examine and analyze blood, urine, and other body fluids, tissue, and cells. Using powerful microscopes and other equipment, they look for bacteria, parasites, and abnormal cells. They also analyze blood cholesterol levels and type and cross-match blood samples for transfusions view more

+ Medical and Health Services Managers
Medical and health services managers are managers first and foremost. But because they are employed by hospitals, nursing homes, and government agencies concerned with health care, they face special challenges. The structure and financing of the health care industry is changing rapidly. So whether these managers oversee nursing, surgery, physical therapy, or some other hospital department, they are under constant pressure to cut costs while improving services view more

+ Medical and Public Health Social Workers Job Description
When people are facing a serious illness, their needs go beyond medical treatment. Medical and Public Health Social Workers can be a lifeline for patients – and their families. A patient about to be discharged from a hospital might need home care, meal delivery, and special equipment. The social worker can help arrange these services, and determine if there is financial support available. Such practical assistance can relieve a lot of stress… But just as important, is the psychological and emotional support that social workers are trained to provide view more

+ Medical Appliance Technicians Job Description
Medical appliance technicians combine a knowledge of human anatomy with math and power tools to create artificial limbs and braces. They work as assistants to orthotists and prosthetists, medical experts who use specially-designed devices to help patients overcome a physical disability. The technicians read prescriptions and detailed information about what the patient needs. They often work from a cast or impression of the limb as a pattern, taking careful measurements with precision instruments view more

+ Medical Assistants Job Description
Medical assistants are essential in keeping medical establishments organized and running smoothly. They must be organized individuals who can do several tasks at once and handle a large amount of detailed, important paperwork. If you are interested in this profession, you must work well with your hands, since duties can include the disposal of contaminated supplies or the sterilization of medical instruments view more

+ Medical Equipment Preparers Job Description
Technology helps medical miracles happen every day. But only if the equipment is in top working order. So Medical Equipment Preparers are key to the success of all kinds of procedures. With health care a growing field, more and more of these careful workers are needed – in hospitals, clinics and doctors’ offices. They are responsible for making sure the equipment is not just clean… But sterile view more

+ Medical Records and Health Information Technicians
Every time nurses or physicians treat their patients, they create records of what they have done and observed, such as the results of x-rays and examinations, or diagnoses and treatment plans. Medical record technicians are essentially archivists who perform the important tasks of organizing and maintaining these medical documents. Although they are not as “high-profile” as doctors or nurses, technicians work hard behind the scenes, actively ensuring that all records and forms are properly identified, signed, and kept on file view more

+ Medical Secretaries Job Description
Medical secretaries serve as administrative assistants in hospitals, clinics, insurance companies, and in doctors’ and dentists’ offices. In addition to being familiar with all the standard secretarial tools, medical secretaries must be comfortable with the special terminology of medicine and pharmacology. They must also be familiar with the billing procedures required by insurance companies and government programs like Medicare, as well as know what forms hospitals and labs require and how to complete them view more

+ Medical Transcriptionists Job Description
Every time a patient is examined, or diagnostic tests are reviewed, a record must be made of the health care professional’s analysis. That report becomes a part of the patient’s medical record—a vital chapter in an ongoing story. To save the expert’s time and to capture the immediacy of the observation, the analysis is dictated, and the tape is then given to a Medical Transcriptionist to distill into a report view more

+ Mental health and Substance Abuse Social Workers
Drug and alcohol abuse can ruin lives. Not only are these addictions difficult to overcome, they’re often associated with mental illness. The professionals that people turn to for help are Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers. Care usually begins with counseling. Therapy can be on an individual basis or in groups. Social workers confer with other professionals to evaluate the mental or physical condition of a client view more

+ Nuclear Medicine Technologists Job Description
The work of Nuclear Medicine Technologists revolves around tiny particles of matter called “radionuclides.” They are transformed into substances that the technologist or doctor gives to a patient, by mouth or with an injection. Then the technologist operates equipment that tracks these particles in the body. The resulting image can be used to diagnose the patient’s condition and to guide a course of treatment view more

+ Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants Job Description
The satisfaction of assisting people in need is one of the greatest rewards of working in the health care profession. Working under the supervision of nursing or medical staff, nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants spend their work days and nights helping people get well. Although they handle more of the routine duties of nursing, such as cleaning patients’ rooms, making beds or storing supplies, aides and attendants still have a valuable role in providing physical and emotional care for the sick, injured, and handicapped view more

+ Obstetricians and Gynecologists Job Description
Obstetricians and Gynecologists are medical doctors who specialize in the welfare of women. Gynecologists deal with general health issues, as well as issues that affect the reproductive system. Obstetricians are involved in the birth process, from pregnancy thru childbirth and postpartum follow-up. It’s not unusual for one doctor to be both a gynecologist and obstetrician. This is a field that requires extensive education view more

+ Occupational Therapists Job Description
Being self-sufficient in everyday life leads to self-confidence and self-esteem. Occupational therapists provide a pathway to self-sufficiency by teaching mentally or physically challenged people new skills or how to modify old ones to compensate for lost abilities. The job of an “O-T” involves teaching and motivating patients to develop, recover, or maintain daily living and work skills. It is a job that requires strong analytical skills and creativity in developing innovative and effective treatments for a variety of challenges view more

+ Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians Job Description
In between the health care specialist who examines the eyes and writes a prescription for a lens…and the eyeglass store where a suitable frame is selected, is a technician with a very important role. A precision optical goods worker makes the lenses to fit the prescription and prepares the frames to hold them. He or she might also be called an ophthalmic laboratory technician, manufacturing optician or optical mechanic view more

+ Opticians, Dispensing Job Description
Dispensing and measuring opticians help people see, and look their best. Opticians help customers select eyewear that serves two needs: the eye doctor’s prescription and the customer’s self image. So a fashion sense is needed along with technical skill. Opticians are trained to measure the client’s eyes so that the lenses are made to provide vision enhancement precisely suited to the individual view more

+ Optometrists Job Description
Optometrists help people see better. They examine eyes to diagnose vision problems and eye diseases, and prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses. Optometrists are not physicians, but they do have extensive training. All states and the District of Columbia license optometrists, who are required to have a doctor of optometry degree from an accredited optometry school—which usually means a four year program after three years of undergraduate work view more

+ Orthodontists Job Description
Beautifully straight, even teeth make for a great smile. They also contribute to overall good health. So orthodontists are important to the way people look AND feel. Orthodontists are dentists who specialize in the way teeth fit together. They study each patient’s mouth and jaw. This often involves taking x-rays. NAT SOT – “NOW HOLD STILL” After diagnosing the problem, the orthodontist creates appliances such as braces or retainers to help straighten the teeth view more

+ Orthotists and Prosthetists Job Description
Fairly simple-looking plastic or metal components can make a huge difference in a disabled person's life. Designing and building these is the work of Orthotists and Prosthetists. These experts use art and science to help restore the human body to as normal function as possible. Orthotists make and fit braces and appliances that help to align or support limbs. Prosthetists design and make artificial limbs view more

+ Pediatricians Job Description
Caring for the young takes a special kind of doctor. Called pediatricians, they are trained to treat the specific needs of infants, children and teens. Pediatricians are responsible for overseeing all the health and medical needs of their young patients. This is usually done through regular checkups. They’ll look at the weight and height to make sure the patient is growing at the proper rate view more

+ Pharmacists Job Description
When a prescription is written for a drug or treatment, the next step for the patient is usually a visit to the pharmacist. And while for most people, that often means going to the local drug store, hospitals and community clinics have pharmacies as well. Typically, pharmacists spend most of the day standing at a counter, dispensing medication. They may also compound the medication, though this is now a much smaller part of a pharmacist’s practice view more

+ Pharmacy Aides Job Description
A pharmacy is literally a lifeline for the community it serves. This is where people come to obtain the medicine and equipment their health care professionals have prescribed. While prescriptions must, by law, be filled by a licensed pharmacist, pharmacy aides keep the operation running smoothly. Applicants for these positions usually need a high school degree—and a record clean of drug or substance abuse view more

+ Pharmacy Technicians Job Description
Pharmacists used to fill prescriptions by preparing and dispensing doctor-specified pills, creams, and liquids, by hand. Today, most medications are manufactured by drug companies and shipped in bulk to pharmacies. As a result, pharmacists are able to focus more on providing clinical services. But someone must still measure the doses, count out the pills, and type up instructions for the patient view more

+ Phlebotomists Job Description
Blood tests save countless lives each day. Patients in hospitals and doctors’ offices are diagnosed by using these valuable tools. In clinical laboratories and larger hospitals, specialists called phlebotomists expertly draw blood and run the tests. Phlebotomists prepare blood samples, follow careful instructions in performing manual tests and operate automatic analyzers. They rely on analytical judgment and the ability to work under pressure, paying close attention to crucial changes in color or numerical readouts view more

+ Physical Therapist Aides Job Description
If you enjoy helping the others, you may want to consider working as a Physical Therapist Aide. You don’t need formal training or a license to be hired. Physical Therapist Aides assist patients receiving treatment by physical therapists. They help disabled patients move to treatment areas; they keep the areas organized and clean, and prepare them for each patient’s therapy. Some Aides also do clerical work, such as ordering supplies and filling out medical insurance forms view more

+ Physical Therapist Assistants Job Description
Helping people help themselves is the main goal of physical therapy. Working under the supervision of a licensed physical therapist, assistants play an important part in helping to rehabilitate accident victims, patients with disabilities, and employees injured on the job. To be successful, an assistant must follow a therapist’s orders precisely. Any variance from the therapist’s instruction could hurt a patient’s chance for recovery view more

+ Physical Therapists Job Description
Physical therapists combine science, medicine and humanitarianism to teach patients how to help themselves. They play a vital role in helping accident victims and the disabled recover from injuries, overcome physical challenges, and live with chronic illnesses such as multiple sclerosis. Because of the fragile emotional state of many of their patients, physical therapists must have the ability to work compassionately with others view more

+ Physician Assistants Job Description
The occupation of physician assistant originated in the 1960’s when Army medics received additional education enabling them to help physicians with routine medical tasks. Since that time, employment opportunities for PA’s (“pea-a’s), as they’re called, have expanded rapidly. That’s because physician assistants have the training to take medical histories, give physicals, order and interpret lab tests, and stitch up minor injuries—among many other things view more

+ Podiatrists Job Description
We tend to take our feet for granted. Day after day, the 26 bones in each foot do their duty. But sometimes those bones, along with the muscles, nerves, ligaments, blood vessels and skin that comprise our feet, need some attention. That’s when it’s time to march into the office of a podiatrist. Podiatrists are doctors who specialize in the care and treatment of feet. They treat everything from bothersome corns and calluses, to fractures, and infections related to diabetes view more

+ Psychiatric Aides
Some people with mental illness require constant assistance with daily life. That help often comes from Psychiatric Aides. In this video, an actor plays the part of the patient to illustrate the job of an aide. Working under the direction of health care professionals such as psychiatrists and nurses… …psychiatric aides help patients dress and bathe… accompany them to exams and treatment… and offer companionship view more

+ Psychiatrists Job Description
Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who diagnose, treat and help prevent disorders of the mind. Whether one-on-one…or in groups…psychiatrists work with patients who have mental, emotional or behavioral problems. Besides a fundamental knowledge of medicine, these doctors need persistence, empathy and exceptional communications skills. Much of their time is spent talking with their patients, asking questions and carefully listening to the answers view more

+ Radiation Therapists Job Description
In the treatment of patients with cancer, Radiation Therapists provide a crucial service. They operate highly sophisticated equipment that uses beams of radiation to destroy tumors. Also known as Radiation Therapy Technologists, they work closely with physicians and radiologists to plan the safest dose for each patient. Therapists must be strong enough to move or lift patients in order to position them properly view more

+ Radiologic Technologists and Technicians Job Description
Looking inside the human body…without resorting to highly invasive surgery…is the work of Radiologic Technologists and Technicians. They use equipment such as X-rays, CAT scans or computerized tomography to help prepare patients for tests and treatments. The technician is responsible for properly positioning…and immobilizing…the patient on the examining table. Sometimes they administer non-radioactive materials into a patient’s bloodstream for diagnostic purposes view more

+ Radiological Technicians Job Description
One of the marvels of modern medicine is the ability to see inside the human body…without surgery or other invasive procedures. The experts who operate imaging equipment such as X-ray machines, Cat-scans and MRIs are Radiologic Technicians. Also called radiographers, their task starts with instructions from a physician to image a specific part of the body. Patients may be anxious about the procedure and have questions view more

+ Recreational Therapists Job Description
A recreational therapist is rewarded with small successes that make big differences in a patient’s life: The smile of a stroke victim, who finds she can move her stiff, cramped hand… The pride of a patient in a psychiatric ward, who creates a work of art. With America’s aging population there is a new focus on long term care As a result more physical and psychiatric rehabilitation will be needed in the years ahead view more

+ Registered Nurses Job Description
Registered nurses, or R-Ns, play a crucial role in providing physical and emotional care for the sick, injured, and handicapped. Nursing is an occupation of great responsibility. The well-being of patients must be constantly observed, understood and evaluated. If a patient’s condition changes in any way, an R-N must make smart and timely decisions about what to do next, administering the correct medications, and informing and assisting physicians view more

+ Respiratory Therapists Job Description
Respiratory therapists or “respiratory care practitioners” evaluate, treat, and care for patients with asthma, emphysema, and other breathing disorders. As part of the evaluation process, therapists measure the lung capacity of patients and analyze the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations in the blood. Sometimes, therapists may also take electrocardiograms and administer stress tests. Treating patients may involve chest physiotherapy and other “airway clearance techniques” to remove mucus and other blockages view more

+ Speech-Language Pathologists Job Description
Most of us take being able to speak for granted. When speech problems arise, we need the professional help of Speech-Language Pathologists. Sometimes called Speech Therapists, they diagnose and treat all kinds of speech disorders. For example, stuttering…hearing problems that affect speaking ability…speech difficulty caused by injury or illness, or mental problems that prevent understanding of words and sentences view more

+ Surgeons Job Description
Repairing injuries… preventing disease… even transplanting organs: surgeons are literally on the “cutting edge” of medicine. Unless it’s an emergency situation, the surgeon meets with the patient and listens to the problem. The doctor does an examination and considers medical history, lab work and other possible treatments before deciding on the need for surgery. Possessing that famous "good bedside manner" can help in explaining the diagnosis, the risks of the operation, and the patient's responsibilities before and after the procedure view more

+ Surgical Technologists Job Description
Surgical technologists and technicians are indispensable members of the modern medical community. They are needed to help set up the operating room, sterilizing and setting out the necessary surgical instruments, making sure equipment is working properly. They may also prepare patients for a procedure, by shaving and cleaning incision sites. The job also can involve transporting patients to the operating room and covering them with sterile “drapes” view more

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